# MCQs in Error Detection and Correction

MCQs in Error Detection and Correction from the book Data Communications and Networking 4th Edition by Behrouz A. Forouzan. Reviewer in Electronics Systems and Technologies (Communications Engineering).

This is the MCQs in Error Detection and Correction from book the Data Communications and Networking 4th Edition by Behrouz A. Forouzan. If you are looking for a reviewer in Electronics Systems and Technologies (Communications Engineering) this will definitely help you before taking the Board Exam.

In this particular topic you have learned that Data can be corrupted during transmission. To address this issue some applications require that errors be detected and must be corrected. If you skip the summary visit Error Detection and Correction.

### Begin and Good luck!

Choose the letter of the best answer in each questions.

1. Checksums use _________ arithmetic.

• A)   one's complement arithmetic
• B)   two's complement arithmetic
• C)   either (a) or (b)
• D)   none of the above

2. The checksum of 1111 and 1111 is _________.

• A)   0000
• B)   1111
• C)   1110
• D)   0111

3. In modulo-11 arithmetic, we use only the integers in the range ______, inclusive.

• A)   1 to 10
• B)   0 to 10
• C)   1 to 11
• D)   none of the above

4. In cyclic redundancy checking, the divisor is _______ the CRC.

• A)   one bit less than
• B)   one bit more than
• C)   The same size as
• D)   none of the above

5. The ________ between two words is the number of differences between corresponding bits.

• A)   Hamming rule
• B)   Hamming code
• C)   Hamming distance
• D)   none of the above

6. The _______ of a polynomial is the highest power in the polynomial.

• A)   range
• B)   power
• C)   degree
• D)   none of the above

7. In modulo-2 arithmetic, __________ give the same results.

• D)   none of the above

8. In cyclic redundancy checking, what is the CRC?

• A)   The quotient
• B)   The dividend
• C)   The divisor
• D)   The remainder

9. Which error detection method consists of just one redundant bit per data unit?

• A)   CRC
• B)   Checksum
• C)   Simple parity check
• D)   Two-dimensional parity check

10. In _____ coding, we divide our message into blocks, each of k bits, called ___.

• A)   block; blockwords
• B)   block; datawords
• C)   linear; datawords
• D)   none of the above

11. A _____ error means that two or more bits in the data unit have changed.

• A)   burst
• B)   double-bit
• C)   single-bit
• D)   none of the above

12. Adding 1 and 1 in modulo-2 arithmetic results in _________.

• A)   0
• B)   1
• C)   2
• D)   none of the above

13. In ________ error correction, the receiver corrects errors without requesting retransmission.

• A)   onward
• B)   forward
• C)   backward
• D)   none of the above

14. If the Hamming distance between a dataword and the corresponding codeword is three, there are _____ bits in error.

• A)   5
• B)   4
• C)   3
• D)   none of the above

15. A simple parity-check code can detect __________ errors.

• A)   an odd-number of
• B)   an even-number of
• C)   two
• D)   no errors

16. The Hamming distance between equal codewords is _________.

• A)   0
• B)   1
• C)   n
• D)   none of the above

17. In a linear block code, the _______ of any two valid codewords creates another valid codeword.

• A)   ANDing
• B)   XORing
• C)   ORing
• D)   none of the above

18. In ________ error correction, the receiver asks the sender to send the data again.

• A)   forward
• B)   backward
• C)   retransmission
• D)   none of the above

19. We can divide coding schemes into two broad categories: ________ and ______coding.

• A)   linear; nonlinear
• B)   block; convolution
• C)   block; linear
• D)   none of the above

20. In modulo-2 arithmetic, we use only ______.

• A)   1 and 2
• B)   0 and 1
• C)   0 and 2
• D)   none of the above

21. To guarantee correction of up to 5 errors in all cases, the minimum Hamming distance in a block code must be ________.

• A)   11
• B)   6
• C)   5
• D)   none of the above

22. The _____of errors is more difficult than the ______.

• A)   detection; correction
• B)   correction; detection
• C)   creation; correction
• D)   creation; detection

23. In block coding, if k = 2 and n = 3, we have _______ invalid codewords.

• A)   4
• B)   8
• C)   2
• D)   none of the above

24. The checksum of 0000 and 0000 is __________.

• A)   0000
• B)   1111
• C)   0111
• D)   1110

25. In one's complement arithmetic, if positive 7 is 0111, then negative 7 is ________.

• A)   1101
• B)   1000
• C)   1111
• D)   none of the above

26. In block coding, if n = 5, the maximum Hamming distance between two codewords is ________.

• A)   5
• B)   3
• C)   2
• D)   none of the above

27. Which error detection method uses one's complement arithmetic?

• A)   Checksum
• B)   CRC
• C)   Simple parity check
• D)   Two-dimensional parity check

28. The divisor in a cyclic code is normally called the _________.

• A)   redundancy
• B)   degree
• C)   generator
• D)   none of the above

29. In modulo-2 arithmetic, we use the ______ operation for both addition and subtraction.

• A)   OR
• B)   XOR
• C)   AND
• D)   none of the above

30. We add r redundant bits to each block to make the length n = k + r. The resulting n-bit blocks are called _________.

• A)   codewords
• B)   datawords
• C)   blockwords
• D)   none of the above

31. To guarantee the detection of up to 5 errors in all cases, the minimum Hamming distance in a block code must be _______.

• A)   11
• B)   5
• C)   6
• D)   none of the above

32. A generator that contains a factor of ____ can detect all odd-numbered errors.

• A)   x
• B)   1
• C)   x + 1
• D)   none of the above

33. _______codes are special linear block codes with one extra property. If a codeword is rotated, the result is another codeword.

• A)   Convolution
• B)   Cyclic
• C)   Non-linear
• D)   none of the above

34. The Hamming distance between 100 and 001 is ________.

• A)   0
• B)   1
• C)   2
• D)   none of the above

### Complete List of Chapter Quiz in Data Communications and Networking

credit: Behrouz A. Forouzan© 2014 www.PinoyBIX.org

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